The standard of school education in Assam has been largely governed by government schools. The number of schools in the state does not commensurate the number of students in addition to that the standard of education and the curriculum provided by the government schools do not match the changing scenario of higher ‘education and placement in both government and private sectors in the country and abroad. Till 1996, the private educational institutes in Assam were only the English medium schools run by missionaries and DPS and the like. they were out o reach for common students due to the high rate of fees and other necessities. a group of elite people thought about the future of common Assamese students (Lower middle class and poor) and started the first Assamese medium or vernacular private school named Assam Jatiya Vidyalaya at Noonmati, Guwahati. Following that, a few other “jatiya vidyalayas” were started in other cities of Assam.
In 1997, the enlightened people of Hojai started Jatiya Vidyalaya, Hojai. From it begat nilbagan jatiya vidyalaya in 2001. It was probably the first “jatiya vidyalaya” started in a rural area under the patronage of late Lutfur Rahman and the leadership of Alhaj Abdus Salam Tafadar, principal, Nilbagan Jatiya Vidyalaya. This was a remarkable event. Following Nilbagan Jatiya Vidyalaya and under the active guidance and leadership of principal, Nilbagan Jatiya Vidyalaya, People started opening Jatiya Vidyalayas in every nook and corner of district Nagaon and Hojai. But, they were all scattered and unorganized. Courses run by Assamese medium schools are often unorganized, lack proper infrastructure, are inept in handling rules and regulations, and follow curriculums that are not even well researched. There are lacs of Assamese medium private schools in Assam, but the founders are not acquainted with effective ways to develop the institutes. With no proper curriculum, depending on untrained teachers and running schools solely for commercial purposes, all these factors are fueling a pessimistic aura in the education system. Schools are concentrating only on the high percentage of marks (by fair means or foul) in the matriculation or HSSLC examination and no efforts are made in order to ensure a secure and bright future for students by enhancing the knowledge of the students in the real sense. Moreover, many parents are uneducated and they depend on the school for the education of their children. These matters of contentions and the breaches have placed the future of the students in peril; towards uncertainty.